[EPUB] ↠ Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness | By Ï Daniel C. Dennett #2020


  • Title: Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness
  • Author: Daniel C. Dennett
  • ISBN: 9780262541916
  • Page: 324
  • Format: Paperback

  • Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness By Daniel C. Dennett In the years since Daniel Dennett s influential Consciousness Explained was published in 1991, scientific research on consciousness has been a hotly contested battleground of rival theories so rambunctious, Dennett observes, that several people are writing books just about the tumult With Sweet Dreams, Dennett returns to the subject for revision and renewal of hiIn the years since Daniel Dennett s influential Consciousness Explained was published in 1991, scientific research on consciousness has been a hotly contested battleground of rival theories so rambunctious, Dennett observes, that several people are writing books just about the tumult With Sweet Dreams, Dennett returns to the subject for revision and renewal of his theory of consciousness, taking into account major empirical advances in the field since 1991 as well as recent theoretical challenges.In Consciousness Explained, Dennett proposed to replace the ubiquitous but bankrupt Cartesian Theater model which posits a privileged place in the brain where it all comes together for the magic show of consciousness with the Multiple Drafts Model Drawing on psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and artificial intelligence, he asserted that human consciousness is essentially the mental software that reorganizes the functional architecture of the brain In Sweet Dreams, he recasts the Multiple Drafts Model as the fame in the brain model, as a background against which to examine the philosophical issues that continue to bedevil the field With his usual clarity and brio, Dennett enlivens his arguments with a variety of vivid examples He isolates the Zombic Hunch that distorts much of the theorizing of both philosophers and scientists, and defends heterophenomenology, his third person approach to the science of consciousness, against persistent misinterpretations and objections The old challenge of Frank Jackson s thought experiment about Mary the color scientist is given a new rebuttal in the form of RoboMary, while his discussion of a famous card trick, The Tuned Deck, is designed to show that David Chalmers s Hard Problem is probably just a figment of theorists misexploited imagination In the final essay, the intrinsic nature of qualia is compared with the naively imagined intrinsic value of a dollar in Consciousness How Much is That in Real Money
    Daniel C. Dennett
    Daniel Clement Dennett III is a prominent philosopher whose research centers on philosophy of mind, science, and biology, particularly as they relate to evolutionary biology and cognitive science He is the co director of the Center for Cognitive Studies and the Austin B Fletcher Professor of Philosophy at Tufts University Dennett is a noted atheist, avid sailor, and advocate of the Brights movement.Dennett received his B.A in philosophy from Harvard University in 1963, where he was a student of W.V.O Quine In 1965, he received his D.Phil from Christ Church, Oxford, where he studied under the ordinary language philosopher Gilbert Ryle.Dennett gave the John Locke lectures at the University of Oxford in 1983, the Gavin David Young Lectures at Adelaide, Australia, in 1985, and the Tanner Lecture at Michigan in 1986, among many others In 2001 he was awarded the Jean Nicod Prize, giving the Jean Nicod Lectures in Paris He has received two Guggenheim Fellowships, a Fulbright Fellowship, and a Fellowship at the Center for Advanced Studies in Behavioral Science He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1987 He was the co founder 1985 and co director of the Curricular Software Studio at Tufts University, and has helped to design museum exhibits on computers for the Smithsonian Institution, the Museum of Science in Boston, and the Computer Museum in Boston He is a Humanist Laureate of the International Academy of Humanism and a Fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry.

    Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness By Daniel C. Dennett

    Commentaires:

    Greg
    Something has been bugging me and about Dennett recently The I read about consciousness, whether it be from the perspective of neuroscience, philosophy, or psychology, the I think there is a real question that needs to be answered about qualia Qualia, the character of subjective experience The redness of red The smell of a rose The feeling of anger or love, and the experience of pain Chalmers dubbed this the hard problem of consciousness , referring to the problem of explaining why we have q [...]

    Simon Lavoie
    Le programme des premi res sciences cognitives est de r habiliter, contre le b haviorisme, l intentionalit , les croyances et la signification, en proc dant dans les termes de la d finition renouvel e des concepts m canistes offerte par l intelligence artificielle Pour le fonctionnalisme computationnel avec lequel ce programme a largement co ncid , chaque partie d un syst me cognitif se d finit par ce qu elle accomplit en terme causal plut t que par ses attributs mat riels L habit ne fait pas le [...]

    Leo Horovitz
    After finishing Consciousness Explained recently and liking it very much, feeling convinced Dennett tackles the issues in the appropriate way, I felt a need to read this one next Here, Dennett elaborates on his ideas that in order to understand consciousness, we need to take empirical findings seriously and if we do, we realize that there is no room for any center of consciousness in the brain Rather, we find that activities are spread out over different areas having different functional roles, [...]

    Joshua Stein
    While Dennett s magnificent opus Consciousness Explained is still the crown jewel of his naturalist take on philosophy, Sweet Dreams is a well constructed follow up, a rebuttle to those who have taken issue with his almost undisputed masterpiece.Dennett s writing is as sharp as ever, but there is something to be said of Sweet Dreams that cannot be said of Consciousness Explained it is concise The gift in writing non fiction is to be able to get a point across simply, and Dennett does that with h [...]

    Nick
    Dennett is required reading for those looking forward to uploading themselves following singularity His rejection of dualism and arguments supporting consciousness as a set of features enjoyed by the subject are compelling As much as I d like to believe I m me and couldn t be reproduced or experience things in the same way if I were a robot with the same programming, I am supportive of Dennett s materialist approach I don t know if the mystery of consciousness will be solved, but I don t think i [...]

    R Arnaud
    It is somewhat like a big party, which is coming to an end, many have gone and those that are still there are sitting down D C Dennett is sitting in his armchair and recounts the evening, for those who will listen As usual he rummages a lot, talks of the recent news, the last youtube meme, but it illustrates his view, and we wonder with him, about the evening, if it was unique after all, we were all there , or if it was just a party, a simple mechanical party.

    Stephen Spiro
    I find it interesting that I agree with most of Dennett s conclusions but find many of his arguments misleading and use debater s tricks and a bit of philosophical legerdemain It starts with the familiar photo experiment where a picture of a kitchen with one door panel painted white like all the others alternating with the panel being painted brown It often takes subjects 30 seconds to realize the difference Dennett s gives us three possible choices yes your qualia were changing in that region b [...]

    Rory
    I was disappointed with this follow up to Dennett s landmark Consciousness Explained 1991.Compiled in 2004 from articles and lectures that he gave 8 13 years after this prior work, this is an interesting update He revisits some of the debates that he has had with philosophers over since Consciousness Explained , but adds very little to his original thesis.The main focus of this book is defense of heterophenomenology as a method for investigating consciousness attack of the use of zombies as an i [...]

    David
    This is such a great book I read Dennett s book Consciousness Explained CE right before I read Sweet Dreams SD Sweet Dreams answered many of my questions after reading CE I highly recommend both books I don t see why other people find it so hard to not completely buy into their intuitions regarding consciousness when trying to explain it If we are looking to explain consciousness, why on Earth would we assume that there MUST be intrinsic phenomenal qualities that are only accessible from a first [...]

    Draco3seven Crawdady
    He is trying to equate science and scientific principles and takes on reality synonymously with the 3rd person concept and then universal reality This move by Dennett is a sly illusiatory slide of the philosophic hand in this philosophic magic trick He is sneakily trying to reduce universal reality and understanding to the 3rd person concept, then in turn reducing this to within the physicalist paradigm and then further down to scientific parameters Of course all this trickery seems to be going [...]

    Chant
    It appears to me, that many philosophers of mind, cognitive scientists, and others that have some stake in the business of the philosophy of mind or general consciousness studies, just publish the same book over and over again.What I mean by this, is that a philosopher or whoever , that has a stance on the question of the mind, generally publish a great book explaining their point of view and explain how it is the gospel of the question of the mind and how is dissolves the mind body problem or h [...]

    Nathan
    Dennett makes a compelling case against a number of widespread, non optimistic philosophical objections to the third person study of consciousness It comes off as an advertisement for Dennett s long standing blend of first and third person study heterophenomology for consciousness research.The collection comes recommended for those who already are familiar with the common philosophy of mind objections to mixing science and consciousness research If you re unfamiliar with some of the classical ph [...]

    Tim
    Dennett certainly writes better than most academic philosophers That s a pretty small achievement, but he gets there pretty comfortably.I m sympathetic to the spirit of his attempt to call off the search for some mysterious essence of consciousness, though I can t think clearly enough about it to accept or reject it.I read about half of the book diligently and then in the chapter What RoboMary Knows I started getting a little bored, at which point I went into rapid skim mode Which would be unfor [...]

    Alex
    Was a good followup to Consciousness Explained If you were not convinced by the first book, this book is helpful It makes some expansions on the original ideas, and covers some of the experiments that have been done since then It also clarifies some meanings of words that from Dennett s point of view have been confusing since the philosophers were not using the same meanings that the scientists were It is much of a reflection on the past and a defense against critics of the first book than it i [...]

    Jon Silver
    This is a good interesting book I wish he spent time actually discussing what it is that composes consciousness rather than arguing with philosophers about how consciousness doesn t have an intrinsic specialness to it This is especially true in the second half of the book where he gets kind of repetitive and has clearly made his point shutting down the people that disagree with him Nonetheless really interesting, glad I read it, and not very long.

    Jehan
    I like Daniel Dennet As a philosophy student, I study his work quite a bit, and have come to enjoy his pieces He can be persuasive, in a funny way, but mainly his character is the sort that you know he is a philosopher One of my professors who worked with him they were subjects of a perception experiment says he is very opinionated, and will argue with you to the death because he feels knows he is right I think that translates in his work.

    Joe
    This is a collection of essays, talks and theories from throughout Dennett s career as a metaphysical materialist in theory of mind He continues to be considered one of the world s foremost philosophers and cognitive theorists, and this book is an excellent survey of his thoughts of everything from qualia to free will.

    Ohr
    No Hard Problem I can dig it, I never thought there was.This books goes a long way toward showing why Dennett ranks near the top on my short list of favorite philosophers, despite our absolute disagreement over Free Will.

    Courtney
    Like most philosophy buffs I know or have read works by, this guy liked to explain himself explaining a little too much Pretty sure this book could have been cut in half and still posses all the key points.

    Jelle de Jong
    zweert bij het scheermes van ockham, legt duidelijk maar omslachtig uit dat iets zich bewust kan zijn van zijn eigen denken, doet lacherig over mensen die daar anders over denken, voert eigenlijk alleen discussie met anderen materialisten, geeft toe op 0

    Aaron
    A concise and clever summary of the ongoing conflict between some philosophers consciousness is mysterious and neuroscientists consciousness is physical and explainable.Very agile writing but Dennett has a weakness for unnecessary double negatives which hurt my brain.

    Johnny
    barely deserves the second star

    Elizabeth
    Another shovel in the dirt of the mire of discussion about meaning Abandoned this book, as with another by this author, his writing style getting in my way to the subject matter

    Michael Vagnetti
    Dennett debunks theories of consciousness that argue for a magical residue in the mind that cannot be explained by cognitive science He s adept, but anecdotal and comic, too.

    Krishan
    This is the sequel to Consciousness Explained, which Im currently reading The author responds to criticism of Consciousness Explained and incorporated some new neurological research into the theory.

    Dave Peticolas
    Dennett s latest book on the philosophy of consciousness.

    • [EPUB] ↠ Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness | By Ï Daniel C. Dennett
      Daniel C. Dennett